Wednesday, 8 January 2014

GINS #5

In Iraq – where my novel The Flying Carpet of Small Miracles takes place – they have a similar Iraqi Constitution that offers acceptable rights and freedoms, even during the years when the 2003 war initiated. Following the 2003 Iraq War, the 1990 constitution was removed as there were particular changes made to correspond with the new political system working to be placed. This previous constitution labeled many rights and laws clearly included Equality Rights for Iraqi citizens, although unfortunately most of these laws were not followed. Specifically, the equality rights specified no discrimination because of gender, blood, language, social origin or religion and equal opportunities guaranteed to all citizens based on law. When we compare this to the life of Iraqi’s represented in the non-fictional book The Flying Carpet of Small Miracles, it is evident that the authorities did not enforce rights and laws, such as equality. Reflecting upon the imbalance of equality in Iraq, specific evidence was revealed in the novel discussing that during the war days, while men relaxed at home, women went out and risked their lives to gather basic daily needs. During this time, women usually did the work that obviously implied that laws and rights were not administered.

Autocratic and tyrannical rule in Iraq continued until dictator Saddam Hussein was overthrown, as the result of the war. I could only imagine how troublesome these days of war would have been for the innocent citizens of Iraq, trying daily to simply make a living. My first contemplation about the dictator rule was that the Iraqi people could have easily revolted and definitely would have initiated a possible solution to the dictator issue. But considering that Hussein had his own army to defend him, and that the citizens were either too afraid or just listened to the leader, instantly shot down these possibilities. It reminded me of the structure of North Korea, only not as severe. However, returning the subject of rights & freedoms, there was a lot of guidance from United States and other countries involved to help set Iraq on the right path politically. After the war, the country – particularly cities affected, like Baghdad – had a transitional period when the people of Iraq began to reclaim their freedom. Throughout these years, Iraq’s Transitional Administrative Law was enforced as a result of the Iraqi people determining to remain free people governed under rule of law. This law established was explicitly to govern the affairs of Iraq during the transitional period, until an elected government were to be chosen that would achieve full democracy.


If we were to apply the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to Iraq, and actually enforce it, there would have been many differences. Logically, if these laws, rights and freedoms were imposed during the days of Saddam Hussein rule, reality would play out that Individual Rights of Iraqi citizens would have to be present. The problem was that no one was there to enforce those laws. Nowadays, Iraq has developed a democratic system with a new constitution incorporating and embracing the problems that occurred earlier and working to change that. The reason to update the Iraqi Constitution after the dictator was overthrown was to address the issue of dictatorship by making a change for the better towards democracy. To support these transitional changes in ruling, the appropriate modifications were done to the Constitution, and now Iraq is a democratic country with very similar rights and freedoms for Iraqi citizens. Gladly, these changes helped to bring Iraqi’s out of the darkness and into a well-organized brighter future, with the simple changes to a countries constitution!

Sources:

http://www.cesnur.org/2004/iraq_tal.htm <-- Transitional Agreement Law

http://www.iraqinationality.gov.iq/attach/iraqi_constitution.pdf <-- Latest Version of Iraqi Constitution





6 comments:

Aaron said...

Maggie:This is an excellent post on iraq and I really like how when to mentioned the charter you said the only time it might work is when it was implement during the sadem guys time period. However I think if we were to implement canadian charter it will not made a change because the government will not listen to it.

Jada Brynn said...

Hey Maggie,
I thought that this was a really good post and I love how you use big words to help explain yours points. The way that you described everything made it really interesting and informative, and I felt as though I read all those sources. By adding the point about how the U.S. helped them with their rights and freedoms I found that it made the post more relatable, because I know that the U.S. has been fighting for countries and trying to get them freedom. The pictures help make the post more colourful and interesting, but it would be very helpful if you could tell what that picture is of.

Maggie said...

Thanks Jada, I will surely add a little caption to describe what the images represent! Thanks again for the feedback :)

Maggie said...

I understand what you said Aaron, but what I meant was that laws (including those about rights & freedoms) must be enforced to work. Definitely, if the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms were to be applied in Iraq during the dictatorship period it would not make a difference, unless there was another "body" present to enforce it. This could include something like a court or another official judicial system to organize and make sure the laws are being followed.

Sorry that it was not too clear!
~ Maggie

katie said...

Maggie
I love your posts they aren't just question answer question answer you go more in depth and really connect the reader with your post by adding images and the words you use are so mature. Reading your comment above also helped clear things up cause i kind of agree with Aaron, so its good that you can say it multiple ways so different people can understand it better. Really good job keep it up!!

Maggie said...

Thanks Katie!

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